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Industrial structure transformation and upgrading to promote low-carbon energy reform

date: 2019-08-28
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'From high carbon to low carbon to no carbon is the general trend of the world, which is what all countries are doing.'Energy research institute, the national development and reform commission (NDRC), the director of the dai is the kingdom of the China news service on August 22 -- on the BBS, points out that the world's major countries have already completed the transformation of carbon from high to low carbon, now close to 60% is still coal in our country, so our task is to carbon from high to low carbon, and from low carbon to carbon-free, the two roads to grab at the same time.Dai yande pointed out that China has the advantage of being a late mover in energy transformation and should take energy conservation as the biggest strategy for low-carbon and green development.



The global energy mix needs to be transformed


Journalists have learned that since December 2018, the Paris agreement has entered the stage of full implementation. To achieve the goal of limiting the increase in global average temperature from the pre-industrial level to less than 2 degrees Celsius, the world must reverse the trend of greenhouse gas emissions to a rapid decline as soon as possible.


But in national climate change expert committee, deputy director of institute of tsinghua university, climate change and sustainable development of the academic committee director jian-kun he seems, at present, in accordance with the countries in response to climate change under the Paris agreement put forward the objective, the national independent contribution of greenhouse gas emissions are still rising to 2030 cases, from 2 c emissions every year there are more than 100 one hundred million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent gap, so in order to cope with climate change, global must speed up the strength of low carbon transformation.


Experts attending the conference believe that the current situation of global climate change is grim, and countries around the world should carry out energy and economic low-carbon transformation as soon as possible.Dai yande said that the difficulties in the global energy transformation are mainly due to the extremely unbalanced global economic development, the development of economy to eliminate poverty, and the need for substantial energy growth in developing countries.


Li xiang, a program officer in the China office of the international energy agency, told BBS that low-carbon development is imperative, while also focusing on energy security and the impact on the system of increasing the proportion of clean energy.



We will transform the energy structure


At the Chinese academy of social sciences industrial economy research institute of energy economics research director zhu tong believes that high quality of economic growth on energy high quality development request has the certain transformation, from the point of energy, high quality development, from the emphasis on the growth rate of energy to pay attention to improve efficiency, reduce consumption, but also emphasize the element such as green, low carbon and low emission.Therefore, high-quality economic development and high-quality energy development are essentially to promote energy transformation and the institutional reform to achieve this transformation.


As the fossil-dominated energy system shifts to a renewable energy system, production patterns and economic systems will also undergo profound changes, zhu said.Zhu tong pointed out that the key to energy transformation is the transformation of the energy system, not simply replacing coal with renewable energy at the input end, but actually transforming production, consumption, transportation, and even production mode and consumption mode.Transformation of energy structure is a medium - and long-term trend of global energy development.


In Mr Dai's view, the global energy transition should be divided into two stages.The first step is to solve regional environmental pollution, from high carbon to low carbon, this step basically all the industrialized countries finished;The second step of the global energy transformation is the transition from low carbon to no carbon. This process is now under way. Although countries are ambitious, the global situation is very serious.The world's major developed countries have completed the transition from high carbon to low carbon.However, dai yande believes that as far as China is concerned, nearly 60% of its energy is still coal. China needs to go from high carbon to low carbon and from low carbon to no carbon. The two steps should be taken simultaneously.


He jiankun, deputy director of the national expert committee on climate change and director of the academic committee of the institute of climate change and sustainable development at tsinghua university, said to promote the sustained and stable development of the economy and the transformation of the economic structure to a green, low-carbon, circular and sustainable development path.Greatly reducing the carbon dioxide intensity of GDP is the core strategy to coordinate 'development' and 'carbon reduction'. The fundamental measures are to vigorously save energy and accelerate the low-carbon energy system.Therefore, in terms of energy conservation, we need to increase the adjustment of industrial structure. With the development of high-quality economy, the demand for energy-intensive industries, such as steel and cement, has gradually become saturated and begun to decline, which is conducive to reducing the consumption of energy per unit of GDP.



We will promote green and low-carbon development


In the global context of accelerating low-carbon transformation, China is also accelerating its energy revolution, setting its own emission reduction targets and promoting economic transformation and upgrading.At present, China's economic growth has entered a stage of high-quality growth from high-speed growth. On the one hand, we need to cultivate new economic drivers as soon as possible, and shift the key factors into technological innovation and efficiency, with more emphasis on 'green' development.


Under the Paris agreement, China has put forward with the strength of the independent contribution goal, also is familiar to the carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP in 2030 than in 2005 fell by 60% to 65%, the proportion of non-fossil energy to 20%, especially the attention by the international community, China proposed to around 2030, co2 emissions to peak, and efforts to reach peak at an early date.


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